Staff Selection Commission : A Central Government Recruitment Agency

Jobs in SSC - What is SSC?

Jobs in SSC - What is SSC?

Posted On: 2024-02-10 09:12:36

The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) stands as one of India's premier organizations entrusted with the crucial task of recruiting staff for various government ministries, departments, and subordinate offices.


In the realm of public service recruitment in India, the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) stands as a cornerstone institution, responsible for the selection of candidates for various posts in ministries, departments, and organizations of the Government of India. Established with the aim of ensuring fair and transparent recruitment procedures, SSC has evolved over the years into a vital entity, playing a pivotal role in shaping the workforce of the nation. This article delves into the history, composition, constitutional status, recruitment conducted, and organizational structure of the Staff Selection Commission.


History of the Staff Selection Commission

The genesis of the Staff Selection Commission dates back to 1975 when the Government of India constituted a commission called the Subordinate Services Commission. Its primary mandate was to recruit suitable candidates for various non-technical group C posts under the Central Government. Over time, recognizing the expanding need for recruitment in different sectors and the necessity for a centralized body to oversee these processes, the commission underwent several changes, eventually emerging as the Staff Selection Commission in 1977.


Composition of the Staff Selection Commission

The composition of the Staff Selection Commission is structured to ensure representation from various spheres of expertise, fostering objectivity and efficiency in its functioning. The commission typically comprises a Chairman, two Members, and a Secretary-cum-Controller of Examinations. These members are appointed by the Government of India and hold office for a specified tenure.

The Chairman, often a senior bureaucrat or a retired civil servant, provides leadership and direction to the commission. The Members bring in their expertise in different domains, contributing to the overall decision-making process. The Secretary-cum-Controller of Examinations oversees the logistical aspects of conducting examinations and other administrative functions.


Constitutional Status

The Staff Selection Commission operates within the constitutional framework of India, functioning as an autonomous body under the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), which falls under the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, and Pensions. While it operates independently in its day-to-day functioning, its policies and regulations are subject to the approval of the Government of India.

The commission derives its authority from the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961, which allocate the responsibility of recruitment to various government departments and agencies, including the Staff Selection Commission.


Recruitment Conducted by SSC

One of the core functions of the Staff Selection Commission is to conduct recruitment examinations for a wide array of posts across different ministries, departments, and organizations of the Central Government. These examinations cater to both gazetted (Group A and B) and non-gazetted (Group C and D) positions, covering a diverse range of fields such as clerical, technical, and administrative roles.

Some of the prominent examinations conducted by the SSC include:

  1. Combined Graduate Level Examination (CGL): This examination is conducted to recruit candidates for various Group B and Group C posts in ministries, departments, and organizations of the Government of India.
  2. Combined Higher Secondary Level Examination (CHSL): CHSL is conducted for the recruitment of candidates to the posts of Lower Division Clerk (LDC), Data Entry Operator (DEO), Postal Assistant/Sorting Assistant, and Court Clerk.
  3. Junior Engineer Examination (JE): JE exam is held for the recruitment of Junior Engineers in various engineering disciplines such as Civil, Electrical, and Mechanical.
  4. Multi-Tasking Staff Examination (MTS): MTS examination is conducted for the recruitment of candidates to multitasking non-technical staff in various ministries and departments of the Government of India.
  5. Stenographer Grade ‘C’ and ‘D’ Examination: This examination is held for the recruitment of Stenographers in Grade ‘C’ (Group B Non-Gazetted) and Grade ‘D’ (Group C) in various government departments and ministries.

These are just a few examples, and SSC conducts several other examinations catering to specific job profiles and requirements.


Organizational Structure and Branches

The Staff Selection Commission has its Headquarter at New Delhi.

The Staff Selection Commission operates through a network of regional and sub-regional offices across India to facilitate the recruitment process. As of the latest available information, SSC has seven regional offices located in different cities:


S.NoRegion & HeadquarterState / Uts under RegionWebsite
1Northern Region (NR) - New DelhiDelhi, Rajasthan &
2Eastern Region (ER) - KolkataWest Bengal, Sikkim, Odisha, Jharkhand & Andaman and Nicobar Islands (UT)
3Western Region (WR) - MumbaiMaharashtra, Gujrat, Goa, Union Territory of Daman ,Diu , Dadra and Nagar
4Southern Region (SR) - ChennaiAndhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu & Puducherry (UT)
5Central Region (CR) - ParyagrajUttar Pradesh &
6North Western Region (NWR) - ChandigarhJammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh (UT)
7North Eastern Region (NER) - GuwahatiArunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland,
8Karnataka Kerala Region (KKR) - BengaluruKarnataka, Kerala & Lakshadweep (UT)
9Madhya Pradesh Region (MPR) - RaipurMadhya Pradesh,
10Headquarters - New

Each regional office is responsible for conducting examinations, facilitating the recruitment process, and addressing the queries of candidates within its jurisdiction.

The Staff Selection Commission has played a significant role in streamlining the recruitment process for various government posts in India. With its transparent and merit-based selection procedures, SSC has become a symbol of trust and reliability for millions of aspirants seeking employment opportunities in the public sector. As the nation progresses, SSC continues to evolve, adapting to the changing needs of the workforce and the demands of governance, thus reaffirming its position as a cornerstone institution in India's administrative landscape.

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